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Health Sciences

Nathalie Auger

Épidémiologie de la santé maternelle et infantile, santé publique, santé environnementale

Professeure agrégée de clinique

École de santé publique - Département de médecine sociale et préventive

Secondary number: 514 864-1600 #3717 (Travail 1)

Affiliations and responsabilities

Research affiliations

Research units


Affiliated institutions

  • Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (CHUM)

Professional titles and affiliations

Clinical and professional activities

  • Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ)

Teaching and supervision

Student supervision

Theses and dissertation supervision (Papyrus Institutional Repository)


Research projects

2013 - 2018


Lead researcher : Nathalie Auger
Funding sources: IRSC/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Grant programs: PVXX5647-Subvention de fonctionnement incluant les subventions de fonctionnement programmatiques
2010 - 2016


Lead researcher : Zhong-Cheng Luo
Co-researchers : Nathalie Auger , William Fraser
Funding sources: IRSC/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Grant programs: PVXX5647-Subvention de fonctionnement incluant les subventions de fonctionnement programmatiques


Lead researcher : Nathalie Auger


Publications and presentations


1. Auger N, Fraser WD, Healy-Profitos J, Arbour L. Association between preeclampsia and congenital heart defects. JAMA 2015;314(15):1588-98.

2. Auger N, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Nuyt AM. Dangers of death on the first day of life by the minute. Journal of Perinatology 2015;35(11):958-64.

3. Benmarhnia T, Auger N, Stanislas V, Lo E, Kaufman JS. The relationship between apparent temperature and daily number of live births in Montreal. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2015;19(12):2548-51.

4. Auger N, Burrows S, Gamache P, Hamel D. Suicide in Canada: Impact of injuries with undetermined intent on regional rankings. Injury Prevention 2016;22:76-78.

5. Auger N, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Sauve RS. Abortion and infant mortality on the first day of life. Neonatology 2016;109(2):147-153.

6. Burrows S, Auger N, Lo E. Language and unintentional injury mortality in Quebec, Canada. Injury Prevention 2016 22(1):72-5.

7. Auger N, Fraser WD, Arbour L. Preeclampsia and congenital heart defects - Reply [Letter]. JAMA 2016;315(11):1168-9.

8. Auger N, Leduc L, Naimi AI, Fraser WD. Risk of delivery at term: Impact of university education by week of gestation. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2016;38(2):118-24.

9. Naimi AI, Auger N. Cumulative risk of stillbirth in the presence of competing events. BJOG 2016;123(7):1071-4.

10. Auger N, Gilbert NL, Kaufman JS. Infant mortality at term in Canada: Impact of week of gestation. Early Human Development 2016;100:43-47.

11. Auger N, Luo ZC, Nuyt AM, Kaufman JS, Naimi AI, Platt RW, Fraser WD. Secular trends in preeclampsia incidence and outcomes in a large Canada database: a longitudinal study over 24 years. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2016;32(8):987.e15-23.

12. Auger N, Tiandrazana RC, Healy-Profitos J, Costopoulos C. Inequality in fetal autopsy in Canada. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 2016;27(3): 1384-1396.

13. Auger N, Costopoulos C, Naimi AI, Bellingeri F, Vecchiato L, Fraser WD. Comparison of stillbirth rates by cause among Haitians and non-Haitians in Canada. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 2016;134(3):315-9.

14. Xiao L, Zhang DL, Torrie J, Auger N, McHugh NG, Luo ZC. Macrosomia, Perinatal and Infant Mortality in Cree Communities in Quebec, 1996-2010. PLoS One 2016;11(8): e0160766.

15. Auger N, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Costopoulos A. Language and infant mortality in a large Canadian province. Public Health 2016;139:154-160.

16. Auger N, Naimi AI, Fraser WD, Healy-Profitos J, Luo ZC, Nuyt AM, Kaufman JS. Three alternative methods to resolve paradoxical associations of exposures before term. European Journal of Epidemiology 2016;31(10):1011-1019.

17. Auger N, Le Serbon E, Rasella D, Aquino R, Barreto M. Impact of homicide and traffic crashes on life expectancy in the largest Latin American country. Journal of Public Health 2016;38:467-473.

18. Benmarhnia T, Bailey Z, Kaiser DJ, Auger N, King N, Kaufman J. A Difference-in-Differences Approach to Assess the Effect of a Heat Action Plan on Heat-Related Mortality, and Differences in Effectiveness According to Gender, Age, and Socioeconomic Status (Montreal, Quebec). Environmental Health Perspectives 2016;124(11):1694-1699.

19. Auger N, Fraser WD, Sauve R, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Kosatsky T. Risk of congenital heart defects after ambient heat exposure early in pregnancy. Environmental Health Perspectives 2017;125(1):8-14. - News editorial: Klonkel L. Hot Days in Early Pregnancy: A Potential Risk Factor for Congenital Heart Defects. Environmental Health Perspectives 2017;125(1):A25

20. Auger N, Fraser WD, Paradis G, Healy-Profitos J, Hsieh A, Rhéaume MA. Preeclampsia and long-term risk of maternal retinal disorders. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2017;129(1):42-49. - Reviewed by: Barbieri RL. After Preeclampsia, Keep an Eye on the Eyes. NEJM Journal Watch.

21. Auger N, Fraser WD, Schnitzer M, Leduc L, Healy-Profitos J, Paradis G. Recurrent preeclampsia and subsequent cardiovascular risk. Heart 2017;103:235–243.

22. Auger N, Potter BJ, Smargiassi A, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Paris C, Kosatsky T. Countdown to winter: Association of myocardial infarction with snowfall. CMAJ 2017;189(6):E235-E242.

23. Auger N, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Costopoulos A. Identifying emerging reproductive vulnerability: An approach to decompose differences in total fertility. Annals of Epidemiology 2017;27(2):89-95.e1.

24. Auger N, Potter BJ, Smargiassi A, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Kosatsky T. Response to: “Snowfall and myocardial infarction. What is the effect of barometric pressure?” – eLetter. CMAJ 2017;189(15):E577.

25. Auger N, Potter BJ, Smargiassi A, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Kosatsky T. It’s the Snow – eLetter. CMAJ 28 Feb 2017.

26. Auger N, Rhéaume MA, Paradis G, Healy-Profitos J, Hsieh A, Fraser WD. Preeclampsia and the risk of cataract extraction in life. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2017;216(4):417.e1-417.e8.

27. Auger N, Fraser WD, Arbour L, Healy-Profitos J, Drolet BA. Preeclampsia and risk of infantile hemangioma. British Journal of Dermatology 2017;176(2):371-377.

28. Auger N, Fraser WD, Arbour L, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Kosatsky T. Elevated ambient temperatures and risk of neural tube defects. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2017;74:315–320.

29. Auger N, Fraser WD, Smargiassi A, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Kosatsky T. Elevated outdoor temperatures and risk of stillbirth. International Journal of Epidemiology, in press.

30. He H, Xiao L, Torrie J, Auger N, McHugh NGL, Zoungrana H, Luo ZC. Disparities in infant hospitalizations in Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations in Quebec, Canada. CMAJ, in press.

31. Auger N, Fraser WD, Paradis G, Healy-Profitos J, Hsieh A, Rhéaume MA. Preeclampsia and long-term risk of maternal retinal disorders – Reply [Letter]. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2017, in press.

32. Tabatabaei N, Auger N, Herba CM, Wei S, Allard C, Fink GD, Fraser WD. Maternal vitamin D insufficiency early in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of preterm birth in ethnic minority women. Journal of Nutrition, in press.

33. Auger N, Siemiatycki J, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Healy-Profitos J, Kosatsky T. Ambient temperature and risk of preeclampsia: Biased association? Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, in press.

34. Auger N, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Labesse M, Kosatsky T. Association of elevated ambient temperature with death from cocaine overdose. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, in press.


  • Preventive Medicine
  • Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Areas of expertise

  • Toxicological risk analysis
  • Multilevel analysis
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Ecological approach
  • Databases
  • Biostatistics
  • Climatic changes
  • Ethnocultural communities
  • Human body
  • Demography
  • Postpartum depression
  • Health determinants
  • Social determinants
  • Social Determinants of Health
  • Diabetes
  • Child
  • Epidemiology
  • Environmental epidemiology
  • Social epidemiology
  • Migration studies
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Risk assessment
  • Immigrants
  • Immigration
  • Incidence (Epidemiology)
  • Social inequality
  • Youths
  • Clinical medicine
  • Preventive medicine
  • Social medicine
  • Méthodes de recherche
  • Quantitative methods
  • Human migration
  • International mobility
  • Statistical models
  • Longitudinal modelling
  • Mortality
  • Infant mortality
  • Maternal mortality
  • Paternity
  • Poverty
  • Perinatal Period
  • Atmospheric pollution
  • Prematurity
  • Prevention
  • Health risks
  • Community health
  • Women’s/Maternal health/Maternity
  • Population’s health
  • Environmental Health
  • Mental health
  • Public health
  • Reproductive health
  • Social statistics
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Stress
  • Surveillance
  • Temperature
  • Vulnerability