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Law; Humanities; Social Sciences and Humanities

Miriam Cohen

Professeure agrégée

Faculté de droit

Pavillon Maximilien-Caron, room A7482

514 343-7169

miriam.cohen@umontreal.ca

Chercheuse

Faculté de droit - CRDP

Chercheuse

Faculté des arts et des sciences - Centre d'études et de recherches internationales

miriam.cohen@umontreal.ca

Profile

Research expertise

  • Droit international des droits humains
  • Droit international public
  • Droit pénal international
  • Institutions internationales
  • Résolutions des différends internationaux
  • Droits fondamentaux comparés

Biography

Miriam Cohen is an Associate Professor and holds the Canada Research Chair on Human Rights and International Reparative Justice at University of Montreal’s Faculty of Law, where she teaches and researches in international, public and human rights law. She is the recipient of the Scholarly Book Award of the Canadian Council on International Law and the Legal competition Award of the Quebec Bar Foundation for her book Realizing Reparative Justice for International Crimes: From Theory to Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2020). She is also co-author of the 3rd edition of the Précis de droit international public with Professor Stéphane Beaulac (LexisNexis, 2021). 

At the Faculty of Law, she leads a research program based on two main axes: international justice and reparation for human rights violations (Axis 1); and the interplay between human rights, new technologies and the empowerment of individuals and communities (Axis 2). She is the founder of the International Justice and Human Rights Laboratory, where she supervises interdisciplinary research teams developing a specialized technological platform for the analysis of human rights jurisprudence. The project, developed in partnership with the Centre d'expertise numérique en recherche (CEN-R) of the University of Montreal, received a research infrastructure grant from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) through the John R. Evans Leaders Fund, and a second grant from the Government of Quebec for the creation of the digital research infrastructure, for a total of nearly $400,000 (phase 1). 

Before her academic career, Professor Cohen gained extensive experience in international organizations. She worked in the legal department at the United Nations International Court of Justice (ICJ) and previously at the Appeals Chamber and Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC). She has also served as a Harvard Law School researcher, as rapporteur for a committee of experts on a draft convention on crimes against humanity, and as a member of a delegation to UN treaty negotiation in Geneva. As legal counsel (international law expert), she appeared before the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Hamburg). As a member of the Quebec Bar, she recently acted as co-counsel for an intervener before the Supreme Court of Canada, she has previoulsy worked in a major law firm in Montreal and has offered her legal expertise as a consultant and in pro bono cases.

Recipient of several awards, fellowships and grants, including from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), the Canadian Bar Association (Law for the Future Fund) and the Legal Research Foundation, she works with several interdisciplinary and international research teams. She has published numerous papers in law journals and books in Canada, the United States, Europe, Indonesia, South Korea and Brazil (her country of origin). 

Professor Cohen acts regularly as a consultant and trainer in international law. In addition, she is a rapporteur for the Oxford University Press project on international organizations and a member of the boards of the Canadian Council on International Law and the Quebec Society of International Law. She is also a researcher at the Centre de recherche en droit public (CRDP), the Centre international de criminologie comparée (CICC) and the Centre d'études et de recherches internationales (CÉRIUM). Before joining the University of Montreal, she was an Assistant Professor of Law at Lakehead University (Ontario), where she lectured on international law and Canadian public law from 2015 to 2018. Professor Cohen is originally from Brazil and she works in Portuguese, English, Spanish and French, and has basic knowledge of Italian and Dutch.

Awards and recognitions

education

  • 2006 — Baccalauréat en droit — — Université de Montréal
  • 2007 — Maîtrise en droit (LLM) — — Université de Montréal
  • 2008 — Maîtrise en droit (LLM) — — Université de Cambridge
  • 2009 — Maîtrise en droit (LLM) — — Université de Harvard
  • 2017 — Doctorat en droit international public (PhD) — — Université de Leiden

Teaching and supervision

Student supervision

Theses and dissertation supervision (Papyrus Institutional Repository)

Projects

Research projects

2020 - 2028

Centre de recherche en droit public ( CRDP )

Lead researcher : Vincent Gautrais , Nicolas Vermeys
Funding sources: FRQSC/Fonds de recherche du Québec - Société et culture (FQRSC)
Grant programs: PV129894-(RG) Programme Regroupements stratégiques
2021 - 2026

Chaire de recherche du Canada en droits humains et justice réparatrice internationale

Lead researcher : Miriam Cohen
Funding sources: SPIIE/Secrétariat des programmes interorganismes à l’intention des établissements
Grant programs: PVX50399-Chaires de recherche du Canada
2017 - 2025

Centre international de criminologie comparée (CICC)

Funding sources: FRQSC/Fonds de recherche du Québec - Société et culture (FQRSC)
Grant programs: PV129894-(RG) Programme Regroupements stratégiques
2021 - 2024

Laboratoire de justice internationale et droits fondamentaux

Lead researcher : Miriam Cohen
Funding sources: FCI/Fondation canadienne pour l'innovation
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-Fonds des leaders
2020 - 2024

Potentialiser le leadership normatif de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé: une étude internationale

Funding sources: CRSH/Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines du Canada
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-Subvention Savoir
2018 - 2023

Une analyse comparée des réparations pour les violations des droits humains

Lead researcher : Miriam Cohen
Funding sources: CRSH/Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines du Canada
Grant programs: PV153480-Subventions de développement Savoir
2020 - 2021

Supplément COVID-19 CRSH / Defining reparations for victims of violent crimes: a comparative analysis

Lead researcher : Miriam Cohen
Funding sources: CRSH/Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines du Canada
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-Supplément à l’appui des étudiants, des stagiaires postdoctoraux et du personnel de soutien à la recherche COVID-19
2018 - 2021

Étude comparée des droits de la personne

Lead researcher : Miriam Cohen

Outreach

Publications and presentations

Publications

Livres et préface de livre

COHEN, Miriam, Préface du livre « Inside Crime and Prison », Juruá, Brésil, 2022, 3 pp.

BEAULAC, Stéphane et COHEN, Miriam « Précis de droit international public : théories, sources, interlégalité, sujets », Lexis Nexis, 2021, 836 pp.

COHEN, Miriam « Realizing Reparative Justice for International Crimes: From Theory to Practice », Cambridge University Press, 2020, 286 pp.

Articles scientifiques

COHEN, Miriam (2022), « Droits fondamentaux et justice internationale : Le rétablissement de la démocratie face à la guerre russo-ukrainienne » Actes du 7e Colloque du Lieutenant-gouverneur du Québec, Yvon Blais, 32 pp. (sous presse). 

COHEN, Miriam, COCAN, Silviana, « La justice internationale dans la guerre Russo-Ukrainienne : la complémentarité entre la responsabilité internationale de l’État et la responsabilité pénale individuelle », Revue québécoise de droit international, 31 pp. (sous évaluation).

COHEN, Miriam, VINCENT-WRIGHT, Sarah-Michèle* (2022), « Uma luz nas cinzas? Ensaio sobre violações do direito internacional em tempo de guerre », Revista Jurídica da UFERSA, vol. 6, 24 pp. (sous presse). 

COHEN, Miriam, VINCENT-WRIGHT, Sarah-Michèle* (2022), « Conflict Resolution in Human Rights Cases : the Role of the Supreme Court of Canada », Constitutional Review 30 pp. (sous presse). 

COHEN, Miriam (2022), « Reparación de las violaciones de los derechos humanos : ¿qué papel tienen los fondos fiduciarios? Una visión exploratoria de los fondos internacionales », Revista do Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, [S.I.], v. 22, pp. 243-258.

COHEN, Miriam, « Documentary Evidence », Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law, 40 pp. (soumis).

COHEN, Miriam et DAGENAIS, Martin-Olivier (2021) « Between Utopia and Reality: Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Canada », 7-1 Constitutional Review, pp. 26-52.

COHEN, Miriam (2021) « Doing Business Abroad: A Review of Selected Recent Canadian Case-studies on Corporate Accountability for Foreign Human Rights Violations », International Journal of Human Rights, pp. 1499-1514.

COHEN, Miriam (2020) « In the Name of National Security: How Post 9/11 Counter-terrorism Measures Undermine Human Rights », Revista do Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, pp. 261-270 [recherche subventionnée par le F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics and Economics].

COHEN, Miriam et BRENNAN, Mariette (2018) « Citizenship by Descent: How Canada’s One-Generation Rule Fails to Comply with International Legal Norms », International Journal of Human Rights, Édition Spéciale sur « Peremptory International Legal Norms and the Democratic Rule of Law », pp. 1302-1317.

COHEN, Miriam (2017) « ICC Elements of Crimes », Oxford International Organizations (OXIO), Oxford University Press, 10 pp.

COHEN, Miriam et HORTENSIUS, Jasper (2018) « A Human Rights Approach to End of Life? Recent Developments at the European Court of Human Rights », Revista do Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, pp. 193-210.

COHEN, Miriam (2017) « Resolution Concerning the Internal Judicial Practice of the Court », Oxford International Organizations (OXIO), Oxford University Press, 3 pp.

COHEN, Miriam (2017) « The Re-Invention of Investment Immigration in Canada and Constructions of Canadian Citizenship », Investment Migration Papers, 34 pp.

COHEN, Miriam (2017) « Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court », Oxford International Organizations (OXIO), Oxford University Press., 20 pp.

COHEN, Miriam (2017) « International Human Rights Norms and Maternal Tort Immunity in Canada: Connecting the Dots », International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 21(6), pp. 655-671.

COHEN, Miriam et KLEIN, Mareike (2017) « Litigating to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean: the Bolivia v. Chile Case », Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies, Vol. 4(2), pp. 106-118 [cet article a reçu un honoraire].

COHEN, Miriam (2017) « Judgment on the Appeals Against the ‘Decision Establishing the Principles and Procedures to be Applied to Reparations’ », Oxford International Organizations (OXIO), Oxford University Press, 5 pp.

COHEN, Miriam (2015) « Victim Redress from Nuremberg and Tokyo to the ICTY and ICTR », Revista do Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, pp. 311-322.

COHEN, Miriam (2014) « Paving a New Road for Reparation for Victims of International Crimes: The ICC Trust Fund for Victims », Revista do Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, pp. 249-260.

COHEN, Miriam (2013) « Reparations at the International Criminal Court: Lessons from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights », Revista do Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, pp. 295-310.

COHEN, Miriam (2012) « Between Offenders and Victims: The Civil Dimension of Universal Jurisdiction », Revista do Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, pp.141-154.

COHEN, Miriam (2007) « L’affaire Dell : qu’en est-il de l’erreur sur le prix ? », Lex Electronica, vol. 12, 13 pp.

COHEN, Miriam (2010) « The Analogy Between Piracy and Human Trafficking: A Theoretical Framework for the Application of Universal Jurisdiction », Buffalo Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 16, pp. 201-235.

COHEN, Miriam (2009) « Victims’ Participatory Rights within the International Criminal Court: A Critical Overview », Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, Vol. 37 (3), pp. 351-377.

Chapitres dans des ouvrages collectifs 

ALMEIDA, Paula et COHEN, Miriam, « Mapping the ‘Public’ in Public Interest Litigation: An Empirical Analysis of Informal Participation at the International Court of Justice », dans Public Interest Litigation, Bendel et Suedi, (dir.), Hart Publishing, 45 pp. (accepté, prévu pour 2022).

COHEN, Miriam, « The Rise and Fall of Investment Immigration in Canada: The Death of Commoditizing Citizenship? », dans Investment Migration, Dimitry Kochenov (dir.), Bloombury Academic, 23 pp. (accepté, prévu pour 2022).

COHEN, Miriam (2022), « Sob o pretexto da segurança nacional: como as medidas após o 11 de setembro desamparam os direitos das minorias », A. Cançado Trindade et C. Barros Leal (dir.), Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, Fortaleza, Brésil, pp. 299-316 [traduction].

RÉGIS, Catherine, DENIS, Jean-Louis, COHEN, Miriam, LAROUCHE, Pierre, CADEDDU, Stéphanie, et FOUCAULT, Gaëlle (2021), « Stress Test for the World Health Organization (WHO) in a Pandemic World: What Can we Hope for the Future? », dans Pandemic Societies, Catherine Régis, Jean-Louis Denis et Daniel Weinstock (dir.), McGill-Queen’s University Press, pp. 286-307.

COHEN, Miriam (2022), « Au nom de la sécurité nationale : comment les mesures post-11 septembre sapent les droits des minorités », A. Cançado Trindade et C. Barros Leal (dir.), Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, Fortaleza, Brésil, pp. 111-126 [traduction].

COHEN, Miriam (2020), « Beyond State Responsibility: The Liability of Individuals for Internationally Wrongful Acts », dans Changing Actors in International Law, Kathleen Claussen, Charles-Emmanuel Côté, Atsuko Kanehara, and Karen N. Scott (dir.), Brilll Nijhoff, pp. 285-303.

COHEN, Miriam (2020), « The Politics of Reparations at the International Criminal Court », dans The Politics of International Criminal Law, Philipp Kastner et al. (dir.), Brill Nijhoff, pp. 255-275.

COHEN, Miriam (2018), « The Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials Legacy », dans Human Rights Institutions, Tribunals and Courts: Legacy and Promise, Gerd Oberleitner (dir.), Springer, pp. 319-332.

COHEN, Miriam et MACLEAN, Jason (2017), « Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment and International Environmental Law: Still More Myth than Reality? », dans Human Rights and the Environment, A. Cançado Trindade et C. Barros Leal (dir.), Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, Fortaleza, Brésil, pp. 281-294.

COHEN, Miriam (2016), « The Construction of a Legal Duty to Repair: From States to Individual Perpetrators », dans The Principle of Humanity, A.  Cançado Trindade et C. Barros Leal (dir.), Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, Fortaleza, Brésil, pp. 257-286.

COHEN, Miriam (2016), « The Role of Latin America in the Permanent Court of International Justice », dans Latin America and the International Court of Justice, Jean-Marc Sorel et Paula Almeida (dir.), Routledge, 11 pp. [par invitation].

COHEN, Miriam (2015), « International Criminal Justice, Reparations for Victims and Human Dignity: The Role of Domestic Mechanisms », dans The Respect for Human Dignity, A. Cançado Trindade et C. Barros Leal (dir.), Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, Fortaleza, Brésil, pp. 269-284.

COHEN, Miriam (2014), « Justice Theories and Reparations for Victims of International Crimes », dans Equality and Non-Discrimination, A. Cançado Trindade et C. Barros Leal (dir.), Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos, Fortaleza, Brésil, pp. 261-293.

Disciplines

  • Law

Areas of expertise

  • Public international law
  • Fundamental rights of constitutional and international law
  • International bodies
  • International criminal law
  • COVID19
  • International business
  • Comprendre et créer
  • Rights and Liberty
  • Access to justice