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Health Sciences; Medical Sciences; Social Sciences and Humanities

Malek Batal

Déterminants environnementaux, sociaux, économiques et culturels des choix alimentaires

Professeur titulaire

Faculté de médecine - Département de nutrition

Pavillon Liliane de Stewart, room 2250-4

malek.batal@umontreal.ca

Professeur accrédité

École de santé publique - Département de médecine sociale et préventive

Secondary numbers: 514 343-7395 (Télécopieur) 514 343-6111 #35177 (Travail 1)

Profile

Research expertise

  • Nutrition internationale
  • Sécurité alimentaire
  • Nutrition des peuples autochtones
  • Systèmes alimentaires
  • Migration et santé nutritionnelle
  • Inégalités en nutrition et santé

Biography

Malek Batal is Professor of Public Health Nutrition at the Nutrition Department at the Faculty of Medicine of the Université de Montréal (UdeM). He obtained his bachelor's degree in human nutrition and dietetics at the American University of Beirut and his master's degree in food sciences at the same university. He then underwent doctoral studies in human nutrition at McGill University. Professor for five years at the American University of Beirut and then for another five years at the University of Ottawa, he joined UdeM in 2013. His research focuses on the environmental, social, economic and cultural determinants of food choices and their relationship with individual and ecosystem health in several populations, including First Nations in Canada.

Among First Nations, he is involved in two pan-Canadian projects: the First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study (www.FEHNCY.ca) and the First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study (www.FNFNES.ca), which measure and qualify the dietary intake and the risk of exposure to environmental contaminants among First Nations adults, children and youth living on reserve across the country. Both projects are funded by Indigenous Services Canada. With funding from CIHR, he is undertaking several projects on food security for First Nations, including a project with the seven communities of the Okanagan Nation Alliance assessing the impact on food quality, food security and health of an environmental remediation project and the reintroduction of salmon into the Okanagan water system.

Internationally, Malek Batal is involved in several projects, including one in Ecuador through joint funding from CIHR and IDRC as part of the Global Alliance for Chronic Disease to study the potential of agro-ecology and alternative food networks in the fight against diabetes and hypertension, as a follow-up to the project assessing the impact on food and health of a national campaign and food policies on nutrition labelling, also in Ecuador. In Haiti, he is co-leading a project on the nutritional health of mothers and their young children with significant four-year funding from Global Affairs Canada. Through a G3 partnership http://g3univ.org, he is undertaking an online training project on the nutritional management of diabetes in a developing country context. Since September 2014, he has been the Director of TRANSNUT, the WHO-Collaborating Centre on Nutrition Changes and Development.

Awards and recognitions

CIHR Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Nutrition and Health Inequalities

Teaching and supervision

Teaching

Student supervision

Theses and dissertation supervision (Papyrus Institutional Repository)

2021

La sécurité alimentaire des réfugiés réinstallés au Québec : le cas des réfugiés syriens

Graduate : Chevrier, Joanie
Cycle : Master's
Grade : M. Sc.
2019

Sécurité alimentaire et diversité alimentaire des ménages en Haïti

Graduate : Sebai, Ines
Cycle : Master's
Grade : M. Sc.
2018

The Association Between Food Security and Diet Quality Among First Nations Living On-Reserve in Canada

Graduate : Steinhouse, Lara
Cycle : Master's
Grade : M. Sc.
2017

The link between self-production of food and diet quality in adults living in rural Lebanon

Graduate : Al-Masri, Hiba
Cycle : Master's
Grade : M. Sc.

Projects

Research projects

2020 - 2028

Chaire de recherche du Canada sur les inégalités en nutrition et santé

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Funding sources: SPIIE/Secrétariat des programmes interorganismes à l’intention des établissements
Grant programs: PVX50399-Chaires de recherche du Canada
2019 - 2026

Evaluating, refining and bringing to scale the endogenous health-promoting attributes of alternative food networks to address diabetes mellitus and hypertension among Ecuadorian farmers

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Co-researchers : Kate Zinszer , Myriam Paredes
Funding sources: IRSC/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-Subvention d'équipe
2021 - 2025

Developing adaptation strategies for healthy fisheries and food security for First Nations in British Columbia under climate change

Lead researcher : Laurie Chan
Co-researchers : Malek Batal
Funding sources: IRSC/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-(PJT) Subvention Projet
2019 - 2024

Évaluation et mise à l'échelle de réseaux alimentaires alternatifs pour la lutte contre le diabète et l'hypertension en Équateur / Evaluating and bringing to scale alternative food networks to adress diabetes melitus and hypertension

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Co-researchers : Kate Zinszer , Myriam Paredes
Funding sources: CRDI/Centre de recherches pour le développement international
Grant programs:
2019 - 2024

Food, Environment, Health and Nutrition of First Nations Chiidren and Youth (FEHNCY)

Lead researcher : Laurie Chan
Co-researchers : Malek Batal
Funding sources: Services aux Autochtones Canada
Grant programs:
2016 - 2022

Évaluation of the Health and Healthy Equity Outcomes of Okanagan Sockeye Salmon Reintroduction Initiatives

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Co-researchers : Noreen Willows , Laurie Chan
Funding sources: IRSC/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Grant programs: PVXX5647-(MOP) Subvention de fonctionnement incluant les subventions de fonctionnement programmatiques (général)
2019 - 2020

Projet de recherche sur la santé nutritionnelle des mères et des enfants (PRSNME)

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Funding sources: Ministère des Relations internationales, de la Francophonie et du Commerce extérieur
Grant programs:
2017 - 2020

The impact of socio-economic, geography and cultural factors on household food insecurity of Syrian refugees: a comprehensive study after resettlement in Canada

Lead researcher : Hassanali Vatanparast
Co-researchers : Malek Batal
Funding sources: CRSH/Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines du Canada
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-Subvention Savoir
2016 - 2020

Appui prénatal, périnatal, postnatal et nutritionnel en Grand'Anse et au sud d'Haïti (A3PN)

Co-researchers : Malek Batal
Funding sources: Affaires mondiales Canada
Grant programs:
2016 - 2019

First Nation Food Nutrition and Environment Study

Lead researcher : Laurie Chan
Co-researchers : Malek Batal
Funding sources: Santé Canada
Grant programs:
2015 - 2019

Pulling together for health: food security in first nations communities

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Funding sources: IRSC/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-Subvention de fonctionnement transitoire
2013 - 2019

FIRST NATION FOOD NUTRITION AND ENVIRONMENT STUDY

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Co-researchers : Olivier Receveur
Funding sources: Santé Canada
Grant programs:
2016 - 2017

Profil, pratiques et comportements alimentaires d'usagers de Moisson Montréal

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Co-researchers : Marie Marquis
2016 - 2017

Profil, pratiques et comportements alimentaires d'usagers de Moisson Montréal

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Co-researchers : Marie Marquis
Funding sources: MITACS Inc. , Ministère Économie et Innovation
Grant programs: PVXXXXXX-Stage Accélération Québec - MITACS , PVXXXXXX-Prog. soutien rech (PSR v1B): Soutien à des projets rech. (Mitacs)
2014 - 2017

PULLING TOGETHER FORHEALTH : FOOD SECURITY IN FIRST NATIONS COMMUNITIES

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Funding sources: IRSC/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Grant programs: PVXX5647-(MOP) Subvention de fonctionnement incluant les subventions de fonctionnement programmatiques (général)
2014 - 2015

LA CONSOMMATION DE PRODUITS ULTRA-TRANSFORMÉS AU QUÉBEC ET SON ASSOCIATION AVEC L'OBÉSITÉ

Lead researcher : Malek Batal
Funding sources: MSSS/Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux
Grant programs:

Outreach

Publications and presentations

Publications

  • Kenny T, Little M, Lemieux T, Griffin JP, Wesche S, Ota Y, Batal M, Chan HM, Lemire M (2020). The Retail Food Sector and Indigenous Peoples in High-Income Countries: A Systematic Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(23), 8818.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238818
  • Deaconu A, Mercille G, Batal M. (2020). Promoting traditional foods for human and environmental health: lessons from agroecology and Indigenous communities in Ecuador. BMC Nutrition. 10.21203/rs.2.18285/v1
  • April-Lalonde G, Latorre S, Paredes M, Hurtado MF, Muñoz F, Deaconu A, Cole DC, Batal M*. (2020). Characteristics and Motivations of Consumers of Direct Purchasing Channels and The Perceived Barriers to Alternative Food Purchase: a Cross-Sectional Study in the Ecuadorian Andes. Sustainability 2020, 12(17), 6923. https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/17/6923/htm
  • Blanchet R, Willows N, Johnson S, Okanagan Nation Salmon Reintroduction Initiatives, Batal M (2020). Traditional Food, Health, and Diet Quality in Syilx Okanagan Adults in British Columbia, Canada. Nutrients, 12(4), 927; https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/4/927   
  • Domingo A, Springer J, Wittman H, Gruhn M, Chan HM, Tikhonov C, Ing A, Fediuk K, Sadik T, Batal M (2020). Predictors of household food insecurity and relationship with obesity in First Nations communities in British Columbia, Manitoba, Alberta and Ontario. Public Health Nutrition http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019004889
  • Sia D, Miszkurka M, Batal M, Delisle H, Zunzunegui MV (2019). Chronic disease and malnutrition biomarkers among unemployed immigrants and Canadian born adults. Archives of Public Health, Vol 77(41). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-019-0367-8   
  • Johnson-Down L, Willows N, Kenny TA, Ing A, Fediuk K, Sadik T, Chan HM, Batal M* (2019). Optimization modeling to improve the diets of First Nations individuals. Journal of Nutritional Science. vol. 8, e31, page 1 of 18.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jns.2019.30.
  • Batal M*, Decelles S (2019). A scoping review of obesity among Indigenous peoples in Canada. Journal of Obesity. Volume 2019, Article ID 9741090, 20 pages https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2019/9741090/
  • Marushka L, Kenny T-A, Batal M, Cheung WWL, Fediuk K, Golden CD, Salomon AK, Sadik T, Weatherdon LV, Chan HM (2019). Potential impacts of climate-related decline of seafood harvest on nutritional status of coastal First Nations in British Columbia, Canada. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0211473. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211473
  • Deaconu A, Mercille G, Batal M (2019). The Agroecological Farmer’s Pathways from Agriculture to Nutrition: a practice-based case from Ecuador’s highlands. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, Vol 58(2), pp. 142-165. https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.2019.1570179
  • Edde C. E, Delisle H, Daboné C, Batal M* (2019). Impact of the Nutrition-Friendly School Initiative: Analysis of anthropometric and biochemical data among school-aged children in Ouagadougou. Global Health Promotionhttps://doi.org/10.1177%2F1757975918789350
  • Willows N, Johnson-Down L, Kenny,T A, Chan HM, Batal M* (2018). Modelling optimal diets for quality and cost: examples from Inuit and First Nations communities in Canada. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. Jul; 44(7):696-703. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2018-0624 : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30566364
  • Batal M*, Steinhouse L, Delisle H (2018). La transition nutritionnelle et le double fardeau de la malnutrition. Médecine et santé tropicales, Vol 28(4), pp. 345-350. https://www.jle.com/fr/revues/mst/e-docs/la_transition_nutritionnelle_et_le_double_fardeau_de_la_malnutrition_313512/article.phtml

Disciplines

  • Nutrition
  • Dietetics
  • Preventive Medicine

Areas of expertise

  • Nutrition
  • Native Health
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Health Prevention
  • Canada
  • Canada (Québec)
  • Haiti
  • Americas
  • Middle East